“Zambia has a 16.5% HIV adult prevalence rate”


With over 1.6 million orphans Zambia has the highest per capita orphan rate in the world making it considered the most-orphaned country in the world. Many of these children have lost both of their parents to the HIV/AIDS crisis; many have no one to care for them, no one to educate them and no one to prepare them for the future.

Zambia has a staggering 16.5% HIV adult prevalence rate, with serious adverse effects on children. The task of caring for orphaned and vulnerable children frequently falls upon impoverished and unprepared communities. In Lusaka, the capital of Zambia, approximately 75,000 children are living on the street. With nearly half (47.1%) of Zambia’s population under the age of 15 (compared to 21% in the United States), the socioeconomic ramifications of HIV/AIDS will be felt for years to come.

Effective care is necessary to assist orphaned and vulnerable children and to prevent further social and economic breakdown. Interventions must be low-cost, community-centered, sustainable and easily replicated in order to successfully care for the orphans and to win the fight against AIDS in Zambia.